The powerful clans of Choshu and Satsuma joined together to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate and announce an “imperial restoration,” named after Emperor Meiji in early 1868. Feudalism was officially abolished in 1871; Five years later, the wearing of swords was banned for everyone except members of the national armed forces, and all samurai scholarships were converted into government bonds, often with significant financial losses. Japan`s new national army ended several samurai rebellions in the 1870s, while some angry samurai joined secret and ultranationalist societies, including the infamous Black Dragon Society, whose aim was to stoke domestic unrest in China so that the Japanese army would have an apology for the invasion and preservation of order. The Kenshin Festival is a festival that takes place in Niigata Prefecture and celebrates the life of Daimya Uesugi Kenshin.  The festival began during the showa era in 1926 in the Kasugayama Temple.  The festival organizes several events such as the traffic light, the butei ceremony and the Shutsujin parade.  In addition, the Battle of Kawanakajima is reproduced as part of this festival.  Throughout the festival, people in samurai armor participate in each event. A unique event is in particular the posting of the Battle of Kawanakajima, where actors in samurai armor represent events with swords and spears.
 Some samurai had buke bunko, or “warrior,” a personal library that held texts on strategy, the science of war and other documents that would have proved useful during the martial era of feudal Japan. Such a library held 20,000 volumes. The upper class had Kuge bunko, or “family libraries,” which held classics, Buddhist sacred texts and family hisities as well as genealogical archives.  A samurai bond is a yen-denominated bond issued in Tokyo by non-Japanese companies and subject to Japanese regulations.  These bonds allow the issuer to access Japanese capital that can be used for local investments or financing outside Japan.  Foreign borrowers may issue samurai to the market to guard against foreign exchange risks.  Another intention might be to simultaneously exchange the issue for another currency in order to benefit from a lower cost.  Lower costs may result from investor preferences that differ from segment markets or temporary market conditions that have different effects on swap and bond markets.  Every child who grew up in a samurai family was expected as a warrior when he grew up, so much of his childhood was spent practicing different martial arts.